斯里兰卡

国内生产总值 (十亿美元)

83.57 (2017)

世界排名 65/191

国内生产总值 人均 (美元)

3,906 (2017)

世界排名 115/190

经济结构

(2017年国内生产总值构成)

服务业
(55.8%)
工业
(27%)
农业
(8%)

对外贸易 (占国内生产总值的百分比)

50.5 (2016)

货币 (期内平均)

斯里兰卡卢比

152.45 每美元 (2017)

政治制度

统一多党共和制

Overview

Sri Lanka is transitioning from a predominantly rural-based economy towards a more urbanised economy oriented around manufacturing and services. The economy is expected to accelerate in 2018, buttressed by a robust services sector and recoveries in the agricultural and industrial sectors. With the support of the World Bank, the government is carrying out fiscal reforms, improving public financial management, increasing public and private investments, addressing infrastructure constraints and improving competitiveness. The launch of the country's Vision 2025 plan on September 4, 2017 was designed to strengthen democracy and reconciliation, inclusive and equitable growth and ensure good governance.

Sources: World Bank, Fitch Solutions

Major Economic/Political Events and Upcoming Elections

September 2013

Tamil National Alliance opposition party won in the first elections of the semi-autonomous provincial council in the north, with 78% of the vote.

January 2015

Maithripala Sirisena became president.

July 2016

The government announced its aim for Sri Lanka to become completely demilitarised by 2018.

February 2017

Government implemented the right to Information Act meant to curb corruption and provide timely information to the public.

February 2018

Local elections held. Opposition party Sri Lanka Podujana Peramuna (SLPP) won the majority of councils.

December 2018

Ranil Wickremesinghe was reinstated as prime minister.

Source: BBC country profile – Timeline

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